Landscape research in Russia since the early XXth century has been encouraged by the necessity to elaborate approaches that could facilitate exploration and mapping of regional resources in vast areas. Landscape science in Russia emerged within geography with strong focus on physical environment as a powerful driver for landscape differentiation. Landscape Conferences have been organized regularly in the former USSR and later in Russia since 1955. Though landscape science in the country initially emerged within geography now convergence with landscape ecology is obvious. Nowadays priority issues involve: mechanisms of landscape functioning as a complex dynamic system; self-organization and self-regulation of geosystems, emergent effects of landscape spatial structure; continuality and discreteness of geographical space and mechanisms of its development; multiplicity of stable states in landscapes of various geographical zones; forecast of region-specific responses to global environmental changes and evolution trends; socio-economic and ecological multifunctionality of a landscapes as related to territorial planning; methods of ecosystem services assessment at a landscape level; methods of allowable anthropogenic loads evaluation; landscape diversity as a condition for biological diversity; landscape-ecological rationales for nature protection. Preparing of new generations of landscape scientists and integration in international sciences are critically needed.
On August 23, 2017 the participants of the XII Landscape Conference held in Tyumen State University made the decision to organize IALE-Russia chapter. The representatives of the following institutions took part in organizing meeting: Faculty of Geography, Lomonosov Moscow State University; Institute of Earth Sciences, Tyumen State University; Sochava Institute of Geography, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences; Tomsk State University; Institute of Geoecology, the Russian Academy of Sciences; Institute for Water and Environmental Problems, the Russian Academy of Sciences; Vernadsky Federal University; Dokuchaev Soil Science Institute; Far-East Federal University; Institute of Ecology of the Volga River Basin; Kazan Federal University; Voronezh State University and other institutions. Dr. Christine Furst, President of IALE attended the meeting and informed about IALE goals and activities.
IALE-Russia aims to:
- Build on rich traditions of landscape science developed in Russia since the early XXth century within the framework of physical geography, ecology, soil science, socio-economical geography.
- Ensure implementation of landscape-ecological approach to territorial planning focusing on knowledge of regional peculiarities, geographical context, interactions among landscape units, impact on ecosystem services and socio-ecological processes.
- Encourage dissemination of comprehensive methods and technologies of landscape research based on field observations, mathematical and physical modeling, remote sensing, GIS modelling, assessment of coupled human-environmental interactions.
- Stimulate discussions concerning current and future trends and perspectives in landscape science and landscape ecology.
- Exchange information about current basic and applied research in Russia and abroad focusing on natural, anthropogenic, economic and cultural drivers of landscape structure, dynamics, functioning and evolution.
- Inform the researchers and students about upcoming conferences, new publications, enrichment of regional landscape map collection.
- Organize conferences, meetings, working groups, student exchanges and summer schools with focus on landscape heterogeneity and multifunctionality and application to environmentally and socially sustainable territorial organization.
- Coordinate cooperation among landscape researchers in Russia and other IALE chapters.The results of IALE-Russia activity will be reviewed in regular electronic Bulletin.